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  • dustyswan 7:11 am on September 1, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: akibat suntik silikon ilegal, anti aging alami, , bahaya injeksi collagen, bahaya injeksi kolagen, bahaya kosmetik, bahaya pemutih, bahaya suntik silikon pada penis, beautyonwatch, bedah rekontruksi hidung bekas silikon, biaya pembesaran payudara, , , Cara Memilih Pemutih Kulit yang Aman, cara mengetahui kosmetik mengandung merkuri, , dampak penggunaan kosmetik ilegal, dimana tempat untuk membesarkan payudara, dokter kecantikan terbaik, efek injeksi pemutih, , efek penyalahgunaan silikon, efek samping suntik botox, face lift indonesia, foto wajah artis akibat suntik silikon, foto wajah rusak akibat merkuri, gambar wajah yang rusak akibat sikikon, global whitening, harga silikon padat untuk implant hidung, homemade face mask, iklan produk kecantikan kulit, injeksi pemutih kulit, injeksi penis, injeksi untuk membesarkan payudara, kadar aman hidrokinon pada kosmetik, , kasus korban pemutih wajah, kasus kosmetik berbahaya, , kasus tentang operasi kecantikan, klinik bedah plastik operasi kecantikan, klinik bedah vagina, klinik kecantikan wajah terbaik, klinik suntik kolagen, klinik suntik putih, kolagen injeksi, , korban silikon, , , kosmetik yang aman untuk wajah sensitif, krim malam, krim malam yang bagus, krim pemutih, kulit wajah mengelupas, latar belakang perawatan payudara, lihat gambar akibat bahaya kosmetik, melangsingkan badan dengan cepat, membentuk hidung dengan silikon, membesarkan buah dada dengan cepat, membesarkan buah dada suntik, , memilih pemutih kulit, memutihkan kulit dengan cepat dan aman, mengenali kandungan merkuri pada kosmetik, menghilangkan keriput di wajah, navores indonesia, navores pemutih kulit, navores whitening, navores whitening cream, , obat pemutih kulit, operasi lipatan mata, operasi plastik, operasi plastik kecantikan, operasi plastik michael jackson, , pemuith kulit instan 1 menit, , pemutih ketiak, , pemutih kulit aman, pemutih kulit berbahaya, , pemutih kulit instan tanpa merkuri, pemutih kulit michael jackson, , pemutih kulit tanpa efek samping, pemutih kulit tanpa pengelupasan, pemutih kulit terbaik, pemutih kulit terdaftar di badan pom, pemutih kulit yang cepat dan aman, pemutih kulit yang dianjurkan, pemutih kulit yang tidak berbahaya, pemutih kulit yang tidak berbahaya untuk wajah, pemutih selangkangan, pemutih tubuh instan, pemutih wajah, pemutih wajah selebriti, pemutih wajah yang tidak mengandung merkuri, penyalahgunaan silikon, plastic surgery disasters, ponds berbahaya, praktik injeksi, produk navores, pubic, resep pemutih wajah herbal, risiko penggunaan botox, , , suntik botox kembali makan korban, , , suntik putih aman, suntik putih vit c, , , suntik vit c kolagen, suntikan collagen pada payudara, suntikan filler berbahaya atau tidak, suntikan hormon ke payudara, suntikan kolagen payudara, thailands best selling skin lightening, tips melangsingkan tubuh, too much makeup, w 2 navores, w-11 navores, w-ii navores, w-ii navores di indonesia, wanita yang payudaranya disuntik silikon, whitening injection, wii navores   

    Cara Memilih Pemutih Kulit yang Aman 

    inmagine.com

    Kita biasanya mengenal bedak, pelembap, pembersih wajah, dan sejenisnya sebagai produk kosmetik. Bagaimana dengan produk pemutih kulit yang aman?

    Kalau dilihat dari kandungan bahan di dalamnya, produk pemutih wajah  memang mengandung beberapa bahan kimia. Namun, konsentrasi bahan ini harus memiliki batasan. Bahan seperti hidroquinon yang bekerja mengelupas kulit bagian luar dan menghambat pembentukan pigmen kulit melanin, pada kosmetik hanya diperbolehkan ada sebanyak 2%.

    Lebih dari itu, produk dapat menimbulkan iritasi kulit dan merusak melanin. Sementara, melanin berfungsi melindungi kulit dari radiasi sinar matahari. Dengan kata lain, semakin banyak melanin pada kulit, maka kulit akan makin terlindungi. Karena itulah, maka hidroquinon yang kadarnya lebih dari 2%, penggunaannya harus  di bawah pengawasan dokter. Dan produk seperti ini digolongkan sebagai obat.

    Bahan seperti AHA (Alpha Hydroxide Acid) juga dibatasi, yaitu hanya boleh 10% pada produk kosmetik. Lebih dari itu, produk termasuk golongan obat. Sementara bahan-bahan seperti asam retinoat, rodamin, dan merkuri (Hg), sama sekali tidak boleh terdapat dalam produk.

    Asam retinoat bekerja mengelupas kulit  dan dapat membuat kulit terasa seperti terbakar. Rodamin yang berfungsi memberikan warna, juga berbahaya bagi kulit karena senyawa kimia ini sesungguhnya adalah pewarna tekstil yang terkadang dipakai juga sebagai pewarna makanan dan bila dikonsumsi dapat menimbulkan kanker. Sementara merkuri yang tergolong sebagai logam berat berbahaya, juga dapat memicu timbulnya kanker kulit.  Bahan kimia ini bersifat mengendap di dalam kulit.

    Khasiat pemutih pada awalnya  memang menggiurkan. Hanya dalam hitungan minggu, kulit mengalami perubahan, seperti menjadi lebih kenyal, mulus, kerutan hilang, dan lebih putih. Tetapi, begitu pemakaian dihentikan, kulit akan kembali ke kondisi semula. Bahkan, kadang-kadang kondisinya dapat menjadi lebih buruk. Yaitu, kulit menjadi hitam atau muncul vlek-vlek. Kulit pun kadang-kadang menjadi merah seperti udang rebus.

    Kosmetik memang tidak boleh mempengaruhi fungsi fisiologis tubuh dan hanya boleh bekerja di lapisan epidermis kulit. Karena itu, jangan pernah menggunakan produk pemutih yang berbahan dasar zat kimia lebih dari tiga bulan. Sebab, setelah melewati tahap tersebut, proses regenerasi atau perbaikan kulit akan lebih sulit.(vivanews.com)

    Kandungan Pemutih Kulit Yang Aman

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    • kosmetik 3:24 am on January 27, 2011 Permalink | Reply

      produk pemutih apa sih yang aman bagi semua pengguna ?

  • dustyswan 6:09 am on September 1, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: 70 kosmetik berbahaya, 70 kosmetik berbahaya di indonesia, 70 kosmetik berbahaya ditarik bpom, 70 kosmetik berbahaya ditarik pemerintah, 70 kosmetik berbahaya tidak terdaftar di badan pom, amankah ponds whitening, bahaya pelembab olay, bahayakah menggunakan ponds whitening, daftar kosmetik yang ditarik dari peredaran, daftar kosmetik yang mengandung merkuri, daftar merek kosmetik berbahaya, daftar merek kosmetik palsu di indonesia, DR's secret ditarik dari peredaran, DR's secret mengandung bahan kimia berbahaya, DR's secret mengandung merkuri, hidrokinon dan rhodamin b, kasus kerusakan kulit akibat penggunaan ponds dan olay, kosmetik palsu berbahaya, olay mengandung merkuri, ponds berbahaya dan palsu, ponds whitening mengandung merkuri, produk palsu DR's secret   

    Daftar 70 Produk Kosmetika Berbahaya di Indonesia 

    inmagine.com

    Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan memastikan 70 produk kosmetika di pasaran mengandung zat kimia berbahaya. Dua di antaranya merupakan merek produk ternama Ponds dan Olay.

    Kepala BPOM, Husniah Rubiana Thamrin Akib, mengatakan, 70 produk itu mengandung zat berbahaya seperti Merkuri, Hidrokinon, Asam Retinoat, zat warna Merah K.3 (C1 15585), Merah K.10 (Rhhodamin B) dan Jingga K.1 (C1 12075).

    Berikut 70 merek produk berbahaya yang akan ditarik peredarannya,

    18 merek produk kosmetika rias wajah dan rias mata berbahaya
    1. Cassandra Superior Quality Lipstick No. 1-10
    2. Cassandra Superior Lip Gloss No. 1-12
    3. GLD Garland Lipstick No. 9
    4. Marie Anne Beauty Shadow No. 4, 5, 6, 8
    5. Marie Anne Blush On No. 3
    6. Sutsyu Eye Shadow & Blusher 01
    7. Sutsyu 18 Colors Eye Shadow 01
    8. Sutsyu Lipstick Colors Fix No. 1, 3, 4, 6
    9. Sutsyu Lipstick Colors Fix No. 5
    10. Asnew Blush On
    11. Cameo Makes You Beauty Detox 4 in 1 Complete Make Up
    12. Marimar Eye Shadow & Powder Cake
    13. Natural Belle Colors Fix Lipstick No. 313
    14. Olay 4 in 1 Complete Make Up
    15. Pond’s Detox Complete Beauty Care Make Up Kit
    16. Pond’s Detox Eye Shadow Blusher & Lip Gloss, Creme Powder No. 1-2
    17. Pond’s Detox Complete Beauty Care Eye Shadow Two Way Cake
    18. Pond’s Detox Complete Beauty Care

    7 merek produk kosmetika pewarna rambut berbahaya
    1. Casandra Hair Dye Pink C-14
    2. Casandra Hair Dye Maroon C-17
    3. Casandra 3D Profesional Hair Colors Cream Hair Dye Wine Red C-9
    4. Salsa Hair Colorant Pink Colors (S-018)
    5. Salsa Hair Colorant Cherry Red (S-019)
    6. Casandra Hair Dye Maroon C-17
    7. Casandra 3D Profesional Hair Colors Cream Hair Dye Grape Red C-11

    44 merek produk kosmetika perawatan kulit berbahaya
    1. Caronne Beauty Day Cream
    2. Caronne Whitening Cream (Day Care)
    3. Caronne Whitening Cream (Night Care)
    4. CR Lien Hua Bunga Teratai Day  Cream
    5. CR Lien Hua Bunga Teratai Night Cream
    6. CR Racikan Ling Zhi Day.Cream
    7. CR Racikan Ling Zhi Night Cream With Vit.E
    8. CR Day Cream With Vit.E
    9. CR UV Whitening Night Cream
    10. CR UV Whitening Day Cream
    11. DR’s Secret 3 Skinlight
    12. DR’s Secret 4 Skinrecon
    13. Dr. Fredi Setyawan Extra Whitening Cream
    14. Dr. Fredi Setyawan Whitening Cream II
    15. Fruity Vitamin C
    16. Plentiful Night Cream
    17. QL Papaya Peeling Gel
    18. QL Day.Cream
    19. QM Natural Vitamin C & E
    20. Scholar Night Cream
    21. Top Gel MCA Extra Pearl Cream Plus
    22. Top Gel MCA Extra Cream
    23. Top Gel TG-3 Extra Cream
    24. Topsyne Aloe Beauty Cream TS-858
    25. Topsyne Beauty Cream TS-3
    26. Topsyne Beauty Cream TS-802
    27. Topsyne Beneficial Skin Cream TS-868
    28. Topsyne Vit C & Placenta
    29. Topsyne Day Cream & Night Cream
    30. Topsyne Vit E & C TS-819
    31. Topsyne Extra Beauty TS-821
    32. Elastiderm Decolletage Chest and Neck
    33. Obagi Nu-Derm Blender Skin Lightener & Blending Cream
    34. Obagi Nu-Derm Blender Skin Lightener with sunscreen
    35. Obagi Nu-Derm Toleran Anti Pruritic Lotion
    36. Obagi C RX System Clarifying Serum
    37. Obagi C RX C Therapy
    38. Olay Total White
    39. Olay Krim Pemutih
    40. Pond’s Age Miracle Day and Night Cream
    41. Qianyan
    42. Quint’s Yen
    43. Skin Enhacer
    44. Temulawak Nutrition Cream

    1 merek produk mandi
    1. Jinzu Strawberry White & Beauty Soap

    Husniah mengatakan, dua produk ternama yang mengandung zat berbahaya Ponds dan Olay tak terdaftar di BPOM. “Sepertinya keduanya itu bukan produk asli karena perusahaan Ponds dan Olay tidak mengeluarkan varian itu, tapi sebagai public warning kami sebut sesuai merek yang tercantum di kemasan,” ujarnya.

     
  • dustyswan 5:56 am on September 1, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Asam Retinoat/Tretinoin/Retionic Acid, bahan kimia paling berbahaya dalam kosmetik, bahan kosmetik sangat berbahaya, bahan kosmetik yang harus dihindari, bahaya Asam Retinoat/Tretinoin/Retionic Acid pada kosmetik, bahaya hidrokinon pada kosmetik, bahaya Rhodamin B pada kulit, bahayakah hidrokinon dalam pemutih, dampak buruk hidrokinon untuk wajah, , , , kasus kulit terbakar akibat pewarna tekstil, kosmetik berbahan pewarna berbahaya, kosmetik bermerkuri mengganggu perkembangan janin, kosmetik mengandung hidrokinon, kosmetik mengandung Rhodamin B sangat berbahaya, kosmetik menyebabkan kanker, kosmetik paling beracun, kosmetik paling berbahaya, kulit merah terbakar akibat Asam Retinoat/Tretinoin/Retionic Acid, kulit terbakar akibat hidrokinon, merkuri merusak syaraf, pemutih mengandung hidrokinon, pengaruh Asam Retinoat/Tretinoin/Retionic Acid pada obat jerawat, , pewarna berbahaya pada kosmetik, Rhodamin B pada kosmetik, Rhodamin B pada kosmetik menyebabkan kanker, , Zat Kosmetik Paling Berbahaya   

    Zat Kosmetik Paling Berbahaya ! 

    inmagine.com

    Hampir setiap perempuan ingin selalu tampil cantik. Tak heran jika produsen produk kecantikan berlomba menciptakan kosmetika yang dapat membuat perempuan cantik dalam sekejap.

    Sayangnya sejumlah produsen produk kecantikan seringkali memanfaatkan kondisi dengan mengabaikan kesehatan konsumennya. Mereka nekat mencampur zat-zat berbahaya demi mengejar keuntungan bisnis.

    Dokter Husniah Rubiana Thamrin Akib, Kepala Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan, mengatakan, sejumlah zat berbahaya yang biasa dicampur ke produk kecantikan antara lain merkuri, hidrokinon, asam retinoat, dan bahan pewarna sintetis. “Zat itu memang bisa menciptakan efek cantik dalam sekejap.”

    Merkuri (Hg) atau Air Raksa
    Merupakan logam berat berbahaya yang biasa digunakan untuk produk pemutih kulit. Produk bermerkuri biasanya mampu mempercepat proses pemutihan kulit dibandingkan produk tanpa merkuri.

    Zat ini bersifat racun meski digunakan dalam konsentrasi kecil. Pemakaian jangka pendek dapat mengakibatkan perubahan warna kulit yang akhirnya menyebabkan bintik-bintik hitam, alergi, dan iritasi kulit. Sedangkan pemakaian jangka panjang dapat mengakibatkan kerusakan permanen pada susunan syaraf, otak, ginjal dan gangguan perkembangan janin.

    Bahkan pemakaiann jangka pendek dalam dosis tinggi dapat
    menyebabkan muntah-muntah, diare dan kerusakan ginjal. Di ranah medis, Merkuri juga dikenal sebagai zat karsinogenik penyebab kanker pada manusia.

    Hidrokinon
    Termasuk golongan obat keras yang seharusnya dapat dikonsumsi dengan resep dokter. Zat ini juga biasa ditemukan dalam kosmetika wajah.

    Bahaya pemakaian obat keras ini tanpa pengawasan dokter dapat menyebabkan iritasi kulit, kulit menjadi merah, rasa terbakar dan bercak-bercak hitam.

    Asam Retinoat/Tretinoin/Retionic Acid
    Kandungan zat ini dapat menyebabkan kulit kering, rasa terbakar dan teratogenik atau cacat pada janin.

    Bahan Pewarna Merah K.3 (C1 15585), Merah K.10 (Rhodamin B), dan Jingga K.1 (C1 12075)
    Merupakan zat warna sintetis yang umumnya digunakan sebagai zat warna kertas, tekstil atau tinta. Zat warna ini merupakan zat karsinogenik penyebab kanker. Rhodamin B dalam konsentrasi tinggi juga dapat menyebabkan kerusakan hati. (vivanews.com)

     
    • kosmetik 2:42 am on February 1, 2011 Permalink | Reply

      apa dampak paling bahaya yang bisa di timbulkan dari zat zat berbahaya tersebut ?

  • dustyswan 8:36 am on July 24, 2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: analisis industri pemutih kulit, booming pemutih kulit di asia, , kebangkitan industri pemutih kulit, penjualan pemutih kulit di asia, perdagangan pemutih kulit di asia, prospek pemutih kulit di asia, skin whitening industry analysis, The Emerging Skin-Whitening Industry   

    The Emerging Skin-Whitening Industry 

    multirace1

    By AMINA MIRE

    Skin-whitening or skin-bleaching is a practice whereby women (and some men) use various forms of skin-whitening products in order to make their skin appear as white as possible. As an anti-aging therapy, skin-whitening promises to “restore” as well as to”transform” the aging skins of women and make them smooth, wrinkle-free-younger-looking. In this context, the natural aging process is systematically framed as a pathological condition which must be interrupted through measures such as “elective surgery” and or by bleaching out the signs of aging such as “age spots.” In this way, in the case of white women, skin-whitening is presented as a legitimate intervention designed to ‘cure’ and mitigate the disease of aging. Skin-whitening as a biomedical intervention is predicated on the pathologization of the natural aging processes in all women, white women in particular.

    At least in the United States, racially white eastern and southern European women have used skin-whitening in order to appear as ‘white’ as their ‘Anglo-Saxon’ “native” white sisters. In the United States, women of colour also have practiced skin-whitening. Many of the early skin-bleaching commodities such as Nodinalina skin bleaching cream, a product which has been in the US market since 1889, contained 10 per cent ammoniated mercury. Mercury is a highly toxic agent with serious health implications. According to Kathy Peiss , in 1930, a single survey found advertising for 232 different brand names of skin-bleaching creams promoted in mainstream magazines to mainly white women consumers in the United States.

    If dark skinned eastern and southern Europeans can “pass” for white with a little help from skin-bleaching creams, those with sufficiently light skin tones but who are legally categorized as racially black by their invisible ” one drop” of “black blood”, could also “pass” for white as well. The “appearance of whiteness” is the key to accessing the exclusive cultural and economic privileges whiteness accrues. The fear of the infiltration of “invisible’ blackness has fuelled both the marketing strategies of industry and the anxieties of white women that they may not appear “white enough”. Peiss writes:

    Dorothy Dignam’s ads for Nadinola skin bleach and Nadine face power, appearing in mass circulation women’s magazine, resurrected the Old South. “This line made in the South was largely sold to the Negro market; the advertising was a planned attempt to capture the white market also. Her paean to “the beauty secret of Southern women,” featuring plantations, magnolia blossoms, and hoop-skirted bells, erased any hint of Nadinola’s black clientele. Although usually rendered obliquely, racial prejudice was an explicit talking point for manufacturers Albert F. Wood: “A white person objects to a swarthy brown-hued or mulatto-like skin, therefore if staying much out of doors use regularly Satin Skin Vanishing Greaseless Cream to keep the skin normally white (Peiss 1998,150).

    But even though the anxiety of bearing the invisible mark of black blood has, in part, fuelled white women’s skin-whitening practices, Peiss rejects the actual possibility that some women of colour may have passed for white by using skin-whitening creams. This is because, according to Peiss, African American women had “disabling” African features that would not allow them to pass for white. In this way, while skin-whitening helped ‘dark skinned’ eastern and southern European immigrant women to blend into the “secure” domain of whiteness, the racial border between whiteness and blackness is magically secured by the social and political order of the colour line.

    Women might purchase a skin whitener that covered and colored the skin and simultaneously disclaim its status as paint. For women of European descent, whitening could be absorbed within acceptable skincare routine and assimilated into the ruling beauty ideas, the natural face of white genteel womanhood-although, as Jessie Benton Frémont testified, one glance at the hands could undo this careful effort to naturalize artifice. For African Americans, the fiction was impossible: Whitening cosmetics, touted as cures for “disabling” African features, reinforced a racialized aesthetic through a makeover that appeared anything but natural.

    What these more than “skin deep,” uniquely “disabling” African features were is not stated by Peiss. However, this crude insinuation hints at Peiss’ refusal to entertain the possibility that skin-whitening may have been used not just by eastern and southern dark skinned women to “pass for Anglo-Saxons,” but that women of colour who were sufficiently light skinned have also practiced skin-whitening in order to “pass” for white. Since appearing white is the “only game in town,” there are no other grounds outside of appearance on which whiteness as an exclusive racial identity can be secured. Piess’s historical documentation of the history of the formation and consolidation of the American beauty industry clearly demonstrates that skin-whitening has facilitated the “racial passing” of certain dark skinned women from eastern and southern Europe. In this context, the practice of skin-whitening is implicated in the American history of racial segregation and racial “passing.”

    Peiss’s analysis precludes the possibility of African Americans with light skins passing for white by using skin-whitening creams, while claiming that eastern and southern European women with “dark skin tones” could do so, implicitly offers skin-whitening as ‘legitimate’ when practicd by ‘white’ women and as ‘illegitimate’ and futile for women of colour. This is also the paradigm of much of the published medical literature on the health risks associated with the use of skin-whitening creams with toxic chemical agents. Even though white women have been using both lead and mercury based skin-whitening creams in order to whiten their faces and bodies for centuries, when it comes to warning the public about the dangers associated with this deadly practice, it is often the terribly damaged faces of women of colour which are used for visual illustration.

    For example, almost all the medical literature published by western medical and dermatology journals offer us women of colour as victims of the dubious desire for unattainable corporeal whiteness. This same unattainable desire is often reinforced with horrifying images of the damaged faces and bodies of women of color after using cheap skin-whitening creams containing toxic chemical agents such as ammoniated mercury, corticosteroids, and hydroquinone.

    The faces of Black South Africans permanently damaged by long-term use of Over-the-Counter (OTC) 2 per cent hydroquinone based skin-whitening cream.

    The emphasis on such ‘health risks’has facilitated the production, and marketing around the world, of new and, conceivably, ‘safer’ but highly expensive skin-whitening commodities and combatant technologies. The emerging ‘high-end’ skin-whitening commodities are marketed mainly to affluent Asian women to modify skin tone, also to white women as anti-aging therapy.

    So, as one might might expect, race, class and gender dynamics inform the marketing strategy of the new skin-whitening corporate drive. The symbolic and literal ‘whitening’ of darker bodies still conditions the advertising rhetoric for skin-whitening products.

    In Africa, the practice of skin-whitening is traditionally associated with white colonial oppression . Those who practiced skin-whitening, were and are still condemned as self-hating dupes, suffering from an inferiority complex. Consequently, those engaging in this practice often do so covertly. So it is only when users of skin-whitening seek medical help from the devastating effects of bodily damage caused by the use of toxic skin-whitening creams that news about this practice gets to the public domain. Tsitsi Dangarembga’s novel Nervous Conditions (1988) succinctly captures the contradiction between the colonizing effects of white supremacy and African women’s yearning for respectability and idealized feminine aesthetics of beauty.

    Lucia was my mother’s sister, several years younger than my mother and a wild woman in spite of ­or may be because of her beauty. She was dark like my mother, but unlike my mother her complexion always had a light shinning from underneath the skin, so she could afford to scoff at the skin-lightening creams that other girls used.

    The association in the above quote of girls with “bad skin” with the use of skin-lightening cream is interesting. On the one hand, it suggests that skin-whitening has a therapeutic function. On the other hand, it may be referring to one of the sinister side effects of the use of skin-whitening: the systemic darkening of the affected area of the skin due to the accumulation of toxic skin-whitening residue inside the skin called exogenous ochrinosis (cf.2). Currently, many African countries have banned the commercial trafficking of skin-whitening. However, skin-whitening products, including those containing highly toxic chemical agents, are currently aggressively marketed to white women in North America as “anti-aging therapy.” It is not clear how 2 per cent hydroquinone based skin-whitening cream can cause a permanent disfigurement of African women’s faces and bodies while 4 per cent hydroquinone based skin-whitening cream can be promoted to white women as anti-aging therapy. The following ad is for a skin-whitening cream called Lustra which contains 4 per cent hydroquinone.

    This is the same chemical agent which has caused the disfigurement of the South African woman in the above image and of countless other women around the world. This product is manufactured by a major US- based pharmaceutical company. Lustra skin-whitening cream is extensively promoted on internet shops, beauty salons and dermatology offices in the United States. The primary clientele of Lustra are white middle-class women

    An advertisement for Lustra skin-whitening cream. Lustra Cream contains 4 per cent hydroquinone.

    Currently, transnational biotechnology, pharmaceutical and cosmetics corporations are engaged in the research and development and the mass marketing of a plethora of new forms of skin-whitening products which can “bleach-out” the “dark skin tones” of women of colour and can remove corporeal evidence of the aging processes, ‘unhealthy life-style’ and overall pollution from the skin of white women. In North America and Europe, the emerging high-end skin-whitening products have been promoted as new ‘therapeutic’ regimes which can ‘cleanse,’ ‘purify’ and ‘regenerate’ aging skin. Consequently, in North America and Europe, skin-whitening commodities aimed at white women are often sold under the bannerof ‘anti-aging skincare.’ In other parts of the world skin-whitening commodities are promoted to ‘whiten’ and ‘brighten’ the ‘dark skin tones’ of women of colour.

    This growing industry is a lucrative one whose reach is greatly facilitated by systematic use of the internet as the main medium for the dissemination of advertising messages for skin-whitening products and related technologies. Some of the leading transnational corporations engaged in the ‘trafficking’ of skin-whitening products have extensive e-business domains. Often these companies set up internet domains and e-shops in specific countries such as China, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, just to name a few. In addition to such e-business sales drives, extensive use of the internet allows these corporations to avoid both the negative political implications and legal regulatory restrictions they could face if they were to openly promote skin-whitening commodities in North America and European markets.

    The ‘ethnic’ skin-whitening market around the world is decentralized as well being covert. This is because many of the skin-whitening products which target poor women, particularly black women, including women of colour living in North America and Europe, are relatively cheap but often contain highly toxic chemical agents such as mercury, hydroquinone and corticosteroids.

    In Europe and North America, the ‘ethnic” skin-whitening products are usually sold in ‘ethnic-oriented’ grocery stores and “beauty” salons. Many of these low end’ but toxic skin-whitening products are manufactured in the Third World and are imported both legally and illegally to North America and Europe. Even though the western health authorities are well aware of the health risks associated with these toxic skin-whitening products they have taken very littlem if any, action to control their importation or to regulate their sales.

    The other, more robust trend is the marketing of expensive skin-whitening products to affluent Asian women in living in Pacific Asian countries such as Japan, Korea, China, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and others. This represents the largest slice of the skin-whitening global market.

    Partly because of the covert nature of the trafficking and informal circulation of toxic skin-whitening commodities, it is hard to gain accurate estimates of the market share of the ‘low end’ but highly toxic skin-whitening market. Similarly, because the ‘high end’ and, presumably less toxic skin-whitening commodities targeted to whites are promoted under the purview of ‘anti-aging therapy,’ it is as difficult to gain an accurate or even a generally reliable estimate of the North America and European market shares of skin-whitening products targeted to white women. However, in Asia, where the skin-whitening market outside of Europe and North America is anchored, in 2001, in Japan alone, the skin-whitening market was estimated to be worth $ 5.6. billion. According to the same report, the fastest growing skin-whitening market in Asia is China. In 2001, China’s skin-whitening market was estimated to be over $ 1.3 billion.

    Based on the readily available mass of online advertising for emerging ‘high end’ skin-whitening products by transnational corporations, these products claim that they can ‘improve’ the ‘appearance’ as well as the ‘health’ of users. These skin-whitening commodities have powerful pharmaceutical properties; they can penetrate the skin and suppress the synthesis of the skin pigment, melanin . Indeed, the suppression of ‘dark’ pigment, melanin, is listed as an explicit example of skin-whitening health promotion benefits. Frantz Fanon wrote about the “corporeal malediction” of dark skin and here’s the antidote! The damned of the earth can thus swiftly alleviate their condition by peaceful, albeit commercial means.

    In many of the advertisements for skin-whitening I come across during my research, a discursive link is made between youthfulness and whiteness and whiteness and racial superiority. Second, in these advertisements, the aging process of white women is often implicitly racialized by the construction of ‘hyper-pigmentation,’ ‘age-spots,’ ‘dull’ skin tone,’ as signs of “pigmentation pathologies”. Consequently, skin-whitening advertising directed to white women often promises to ‘cleanse,’ ‘purify,’ ‘transform’ and ‘restore’ white women’s ‘smooth’ and ‘radiant’ youthful white skin. Such advertising tries to expand the skin-whitening market with the covert rhetoric of racializing aesthetics. One recurring theme which runs through most of the promotional ads for skin-whitening posted at Asia registered internet sites is the claim that skin-whitening cosmetics can transform the ‘yellow’ skin tones of Asian women to flawlessly ‘radiant’ white. These advertisements often deploy the visual technique of ‘before’ images of ‘unhappy,’ ‘dark’ faces of ‘Asian-looking’ models and ‘after’ images of smiling ‘whitened’ faces of the same models .

    I now want to take the reader to the internet-based advertisements for skin-whitening products by the world’s largest cosmetics company ­ a leading promoter of new skin-whitening cosmetics ­ the L’Oreal cosmetics company. L’Oreal’s advertisements for skin-whitening products posted at internet sites run by L’Oreal subsidiaries such as Lancôme, Vichy Laboratories and L’Oreal Paris systematically deploy a mixture of racializing rhetoric and dazzling visual images.

    Many of these advertisements which are directed mainly to Asian women use images and narratives with implicit references to the aesthetic ‘inferiority’ of ‘dark’ and ‘yellow’ skin tones of Asian women. In these ads, this implied is often reinforced with illustrations of the pathological nature of ‘dark’ and ‘yellow’ skin tones of ‘Asian-looking’ models.

    With over US$14 billion sales in 2003, L’Oreal is the largest cosmetics company in the world. The company can be best understood as an economic ‘super-structure’ consisting of, at least, 12 major subsidiaries such as Lancôme Paris, Vichy Laboratories, La Roche-Posay Laboratoire Pharmacaceutique, Biotherm, L’Oreal Paris, Garnier, L’Oreal professional Paris, Giorgio Armani Perfumes, Maybelline New York, Ralph Lauren, Helena Rubinstein skincare, Shu Uemura, Maxtrix, Redken, SoftSheen-Carlson™. Not all of the above listed L’Oreal subsidiaries deal with the promotion of skin-whitening cosmetics. However, this extensive list of L’Oreal subsidiaries illustrates the company’s economic power and structural complexity. L’Oreal is also a 20 per cent shareholder of a major French based pharmaceutical firm, Sanofi-Synthélabo.

    A recent merger worth 60£ billion with another European based pharmaceutical firm, Aventis, makes Sanofi-Aventis the third largest pharmaceutical company in the world behind Pfizer and GlaxoSmithKline. I emphasize the financial link between Sanofi-Aventis and L’Oreal cosmetics in the present work partly to highlight L’Oreal’s close connection with the pharmaceutical industry. Skin-whitening, in this context, can be thought of as a lucrative ‘spin-off’ both for L’Oreal as well as a way to valorize research and development of pharmaceuticals outside the highly regulated biomedical domain.

    The influence of the pharmaceutical industry is evidenced by much of L’Oreal’s promotional rhetoric for skin-whitening cosmetics and related technologies. L’Oreal’s ads for skin-whitening cosmetics increasingly blur the line between cosmetic and pharmaceutical claims. Such close integration between the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries has serious social, medical, and political implications. In fact, L’Oreal has already designated some of its subsidiaries, such as Vichy Laboratories and LA Roche-Posay Laboratoire Pharmaceutique, as quasi-pharmaceutical outlets through which the company can successfully promote skin-whitening and other cosmetics under the rubric of skincare biomedicine. The following ads for Vichy Laboratories attest to this opportunistic cosmetic/pharmaceutical industrial cross-fertilization.

    Discover your healthy skin profile: skin type and hydration. Make an appointment with your Vichy dermatological skin care consultant to identify your skin type, its hydration level and receive a skin diagnosis and personalized skincare recommendation. Vichy Laboratories are devoted to the health of your skin. Backed by dermatological research, Vichy offers you a complete line of skincare products containing Vichy Thermal Spa Water. Dehydration, dryness, skin aging and dull complexion. Vichy, health skin’s answer to all skin conditions.

    Not all of Vichy’s advertising messages are couched in such biomedical rhetoric. For instance, when targeting women of colour, Asian women in particular, their ‘dark’ or ‘yellow’ skin tones are often conceptualized as pathological targets amenable to ‘fixing’ and transformation. L’Oreal’s internet domains registered in South Korea and China, Singapore, Taiwan aggressively promote skin-whitening products with such provocative brand names as “BI-White,” “White “Perfect” and “Blanc Expert.” In one of the most stunning acts of commodity racism, an ad for Vichy’s skin-whitening brand, “BI-White,” features what appears to be an Asian woman peeling off her black facial skin with a zipper. As her black skin is removed a new ‘smooth,’ ‘whitened’ skin with no blemishes takes its place. The implications of this image are blunt and chilling. Blackness is false, dirty and ugly. Whiteness is true, healthy, clean and beautiful.

    “BI-White:The skin Pigmentation ID.”
    Source: http://www.vichy.com/gb/biwhite.

    L’Oreal calls this marketing strategy ‘Geocosmetics:

    More than half of Korean women experience brown spots and 30 per cent of them have a dull complexion. Over-production of melanin deep in the skin that triggers brown spots and accumulation of melanin loaded dead cells at the skin’s surface create a dull and uneven complexion. Vichy Laboratories has been able to associate the complementary effectiveness of Kojic Acid and pure Vitamin C in an everyday face care: BI-White.

    Another L’Oreal advertisement for skin-whitening brand is called “White Perfect.” This particular skin-whitening brand is sold in L’Oreal’s Asian markets and online e-shops. In that way, those who live outside Asia can purchase this and other L’Oreal skin-whitening brands over the internet.

    In this ad, the racist aesthetics of “White-Perfect” reinforces the biomedicalized intervention of Asian women’s skin coded by the sign of “Melanin-Block™.” L’Oreal’s advertisements for skin-whitening cosmetics are often reinforced by constant interplay between the ideological precepts of white supremacy and the technologically-mediated suppression or “blocking” of the capacity for Asian women’s bodies and skins to produce skin pigment, melanin.

    One of the ways in which L’Oreal enacts the biomedicalization of women’s bodies and the racialization of the aging processes of women (gendered degeneracy) is through the visual technology of dismembering women’s bodies. A close examination of L’Oreal’s advertisings for skin-whitening products shows a systematic fragmentation of women’s bodies. Almost all the L’Oreal advertising images which I have came across use cropped faces of women. One of the visual techniques used by L’Oreal is the pairing of two cropped faces: one of which bears certain pseudo-pathologies such as ‘age spots,’ premature-aging,’ ‘hyper-pigmentation,’ and ‘wrinkles.’ The other cropped image would feature the whitened, ‘smooth, wrinkle-free’ face of a woman.

    As a result, L’Oreal’s advertising often visually conceptualizes the practice of skin-whitening both as a violent technological fragmentation of women’s bodies as well as an instrument of bodily transformation. As the following advertising for L’Oreal’s skin-whitening brand, Blanc Expert, shows, the visual fragmentation of women’s bodies is often reinforced by the claims of the power of these skin-whitening products to penetrate deep inside the body thereby transforming both the inside and the outside of the users of these products.


    Lancôme’s exclusive Melo-No Complex™ limits the activity of the messenger NO, a newly-discovered stimulator of melanin, produced by keratinocytes. The complex, by targeting keratinocytes, boosts whitening action by 15 times. A powerful combination of active whitening ingredients targets melanocytes to more effectively inhibit the source of melanin production and as a result, diminishes the skin’s yellowish tone.

    The image symbolically illustrates the technological prowess of advanced skin-whitening biotechnology; its ability to penetrate, fragment, colonize, and discipline the bodies of women. In this image, the fragmentation of women’s bodies is symbolically illustrated by a beam of light shot through a tube. Upon penetrating the skin, this phallic beam of light produces a new “radiant,” white face.

    In this powerful visually fragmenting technology, the symbolic order of masculinist technology and the aesthetics of white supremacy are rendered as flesh in the “flawless”, perfectly whitened and fragmented face of a woman of colour.

    In this context, the aggressive world-wide marketing of skin-whitening commodities can be legitimated as benevolent ‘cures’ designed to transform and transcend the “dark” “diseased,” bodies of women of colour. Ironically, not all women of colour can afford the “radiant” whitened faces this technology promises. The following is a price list for L’Oreal’s Blanc Expert line. As I indicated earlier, this particular skin-whitening brand name is aggressively promoted to Asian women. Blanc Expert Mela-No Cx Blacc Expert Advanced Whitening Spot Corrector (30 ml= $125 US), Blanc Expert Mela-NO Cx Supreme Whitening Spot Corrector (30ml= $100 US ), Blanc Expert Advanced Whitening & Anti-Dark Circles Eye (100ml= $ 77 US), Blanc Expert Mela NO Cx Advanced Whitening Night Renovator (100ml= $ 83 US). This one has the ‘cutest’ and the most ironic name: Blanc Expert Mela-No Cx UV Expert Extra Large Double Protection SPF 50/PA+++ (30 ml= $59 US).

    This list clearly demonstrates two important points: that these products are highly expensive and that they contain relatively small amounts of skin-whitening products. There is a common joke in Africa to describe the practice of face whitening: “Fanta Faces & Coca Cola Bodies.” Fanta, in this context, refers to the orange colour of a soft drink. The dark colour of the Coke soft drink in contrast refers to the unbleached bodies of African women. This analogy is particularly apt because, like skin-bleaching cosmetics, Coca Cola and Fanta soft drinks are western products which are extensively marketed in Africa.

    In its broadest sense, skin-whitening as ‘anti-aging therapy’ aims at intervening, ‘halting’ and if possible, ‘reversing’ the aging processes of mainly white women. I have suggested earlier that advertisements for skin-whitening products which are marketed to white women often use language suffused with the racialization of the aging processes of white women and the biomedicalization of women of colour’s skin tones.

    In this market, the paradigmatic face against which both women of colour and middle aged white women must be appraised, and ultimately found wanting, is the ‘smooth/ radiant/youthful-looking’ white face unmarked by age, labour or class. This technologically-produced ‘radiant,’ ‘age-spot-free,’ ‘pigmentation-free’ young-looking white face is now the universal standard for the “beautiful” face.

    The cover of the 2002 L’Oreal Annual Report underscores the emergence of the “smooth”. ‘radiant’, technologically produced, “air brushed” white face. In this image, a female with exceedingly blue eyes and perfectly white skin gazes vacantly. Her face shows no hint of life or emotions. This image is simultaneously as frightening as it is ambiguous. It is difficult to tell whether we are confronting a computer-generated animation or an image of an actual woman. This ambiguity is not innocent. The image at once suggests the corporeal possibility of a perfectly white skin and also whiteness as an abstract aesthetics. The ambiguity of the corporeality of this image can be read as an ironic comment on the image itself. In this reading, this computer-generated visual simulacrum recuperates the exclusionary aesthetics of whiteness.

    L’Oreal has also developed other powerful tools which are designed to monitor the states of women’s skin and bodies. One instrument of surveillance is a silicon-based semiconductor sensory device called SkinChip®. First developed for biometric fingerprinting ID and related surveillance technologies, this technology has now been adapted as a ‘diagnostic’ tool designed to monitor changes in the ‘interiors’ of women’s skin such as “pigmentation” and “hydration” levels and other ‘pathological’ signs. Monitoring the “interior” of women’s skin to gauge their “pigmentation” status has the potential to usher in a new and sinter form of eugenicist white supremacist aesthetics. The fact that SkinChip has been imported from biometric surveillance technology is not insignificant.
    Surveillance technologies such as SkinChip also reinforce the aesthetics of white supremacy and the global expansion of skin-whitening as a capitalist commodity. L’Oreal is currently developing a personal-size version of the SkinChip device so that women can regularly monitor what is happening “inside” their bodies and on their skins.

    I hope that I have demonstrated that the emerging skin-whitening industry is a lucrative globalized economic enterprise with profound social and political implications. L’Oreal’s advertising for skin-whitening commodities reinforces and consolidates the globalized ideology of white supremacy and the sexist practice of the biomedicialization of women’s bodies. It is in this specific context of the continuum of the western practice of global racism and the economic practice of commodity racism that the social, political and cultural implications of skin-whitening must be located and resisted. Consequently, feminist/antiracist and anti-colonial responses must confront this social phenomenon as part and parcel of our old enemy, the “civilising mission” ; the violent moral prerogative to cleanse and purify the mind and bodies of the “dark/dirt/savage”. On March 10, 2004, two weeks prior to the American invasion of Iraq, Time magazine’s cover featured the former Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein. The caption reads: “Life After Saddam: an inside look at Bush’s high-risk plan to occupy Iraq and remake the Middle East” . Hussein’s face is painted white by a white man wearing a white casual shirt with matching casual white pants and a white baseball hat using a white paint brush. The colour of the dictrator’s unpainted skin looks exceedingly black and menacing. The lower half of the dictator’s face and neck are riddled with bullet holes.

    Amina Mire is at the University of Toronto and can be reached at amina.mire@utoronto.ca

     
    • stephaniefrancisco 11:18 am on October 29, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      hi.. i was just pretty amazed with how the skin whitening industry seem to boom here in the Philippines. Glutathione had been very known. But there’s this site which i bumped into. Noticed that there’s another product which will soon hit the market. They make use of placental protein instead. U can check out my site to read more.. ill be posting more blogs about it, as i dig deeper to find out how credible this is. feel free to leave any comments/suggestions. I’d be glad to hear from you.. Thanks..

      • beautyonwatch 1:29 am on October 30, 2009 Permalink | Reply

        not only in philippines but in indonesia as well 🙂

  • dustyswan 1:32 am on June 17, 2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: anti skin bleaching indonesia, , , , , , , , , , , gerakan anti pemutih kulit indonesia, gerakan anti skin whitening indonesia, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Young Indonesians struggle to resist the power of the skin whitening industry   

    Young Indonesians struggle to resist the power of the skin whitening industry 

    Tessa Toumbourou

    white_faces.jpg
    White faces dominate the supermarket shelves
    Tessa Toumbourou

    Faces so white they are nearly transparent stare vacantly from the sides of hundreds of varieties of creams, lotions, soaps, scrubs and bleaches in supermarket beauty aisles across Indonesia. Those same faces stare out from advertisements in magazines, on billboards, on the sides of buses and on television – all proclaiming the benefits of lighter coloured skin.

    Promotions for skin whitening products are targeted squarely at Indonesia’s urban aspirational classes. Young university women represent a key market segment. Advertisements portray the kinds of lives they aspire to and free samples are handed out at universities. Many university-aged women believe that regular use of skin whitening products makes them more attractive. But not all are enthusiastic. Some women are concerned about potentially damaging side effects of the products themselves. Many more reject the industry’s message that women can’t succeed in their careers or their love lives without altering their physical image.

    Mixed motivations

    The skin whitening phenomenon in Indonesia is part of a billion dollar Asia-wide industry that pressures women to respond to the siren call of white skin. In Indonesia, pale skin is promoted as a key opportunity enhancer – a social indicator of status, power, wealth, and most emphatically, beauty. The message is clear. Dark skin is inferior and somehow dirty, ugly, or even unhealthy. As one university student commented, ‘Beauty for Indonesian women is defined as a woman whose skin in white.’

    When asked to define the consumer market for skin whitening, university students I spoke to described the majority of users as teenagers and young women aged between 15 and 25. Laughing, a pair of English language students explained that skin whitening products are used by teenage girls to attract boys’ attention. ‘They do it so they have brighter looking faces, like in advertisements of pretty teenagers and women who use skin whitening.’ Students also mentioned the growing use of skin whitening by older women as a form of anti-aging therapy.

    Many university-aged women believe that regular use of skin whitening products makes them more attractive.

    There are many other reasons why young women choose to use skin whitening products. Some students put it down to personality. But the push for whiteness is also structural. Many women pointed to pressures in the job market, and the prospect of appearing more attractive to prospective partners. Others blamed the growing influence of western culture for pressuring people to become white. One student suggested that the push to use whitening products was a form of cultural cringe, which ‘reduces the value of our own skin’. This was echoed by another student who observed that ‘Our own community does not consider our own culture to be important, so we think the same of ourselves.’

    A dangerous habit

    Even those young people who embrace skin whitening have concerns about its long-term effects. Most skin whitening products contain mercury or hydroquinone, two seriously damaging chemicals. Mercury, a common ingredient in skin whitening creams in Asia, strips the skin of its natural pigment. It is also a poison known to cause liver and kidney damage, which can also lead to neurological disorders. Hydroquinone, a chemical used in photo processing, has been shown to cause cancer in lab animals. Ironically, both chemicals also react with ultra-violet rays and re-oxidise, leading to more skin-darkening pigmentation and premature aging. More of the product is then needed to alter the response, which changes the skin’s natural structure and inhibits the production of melatonin, making the skin more susceptible to skin cancer.

    skin_white.jpg
    One of the hundreds of skin-whitening products on sale in

    Indonesia
    Tessa Toumbourou

    Some young women are acutely aware of the risks and side-effects of skin whitening products. According to one sceptical student, the skin whitening process is on the whole ineffective. ‘I think it doesn’t work to make you white, it’s just lies. But if whiteness results, it is because of the mercury or other dangerous substances.’ Many students also discussed their concern for the side- or after- effects of skin whitening products, mentioning their concern for flecking, reddening and the possibility of faster aging and cancer. Some also mentioned a potentially addictive pattern of skin whitening product use – the product makes the skin more sensitive to the sun and therefore more likely to darken, actually increasing the need for more whitening.

    Although not everyone is as conversant of the dangers involved in skin whitening, most are at least partially aware of the risks. Some young women are convinced that it is still worthwhile, but many others are not. As one woman observed wryly, ‘It depends on the person, if they consider their appearance to be number one, the most important.’

    Skin whitening sceptics

    Despite pressures to engage in skin whitening reiterated in media and advertising, the majority of Indonesian students I interviewed were sceptical about claims that lighter skin is necessarily better, more attractive, or guarantees success. As one woman observed, ‘Although appearance does have a place, I think that when we are ourselves, appearance is not as important.’

    Some students rejected outright the notion that whiteness defines beauty, arguing that white skin simply looks unhealthy. Others claimed that the relationship between success and appearance was limited to particular fields of work where success is dependent on aesthetic appearance, such as the film and music industry, or product marketing. In other jobs, they argue, ‘Success is earned through hard work.’

    Some students rejected outright the notion that whiteness defines beauty.

    Many of these young women believe that deep down, a heavy reliance on skin whitening products actually reflects a lack of self-confidence. In the words of one undergraduate, ‘Maybe for people who don’t believe in themselves their appearance is their own measure of self.’

    Many of these educated women were certainly critical of the commercial pressures to lighten skin, asserting that a strong sense of self can overcome the need to rely on aesthetic appearance. This comes down to accepting and embracing one’s own self, whatever one’s skin tone, as natural and true. As one student commented, with a shrug, ‘It is better to just keep the colour you have…if your skin is yellow, leave it yellow.’     ii

    Tessa Toumbourou (tdtou1@student.monash.edu.au) is an Arts graduate with a politics major. She recently completed a Diploma of Indonesian Language in-country at Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, and will continue living in Yogya on a Darmasiswa scholarship studying at Indonesian College of Arts (ISI).

     
    • Lyn 1:56 pm on July 22, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Many indonesian store here in hongkong still selling natural 99 vit.e plus.is this safe to use?as I have read that it have warning not to use,so why this product stil exist when it is harmful 2 d body?

  • dustyswan 6:36 am on June 9, 2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , cultural racism, , Dying to be whiter: The black women who risk their lives for lighter skin, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , skin whitening phenomenon in black woman, , ,   

    Dying to be whiter: The black women who risk their lives for lighter skin 

    By PAUL BRACCHI

    Dream girl: Singer Beyonce

    On sale in the high street in Harlesden, North-West , yesterday was a face cream called Maxi White.

    “Could there be a less subtle name for a product aimed at black and Asian women desperate to lighten the colour of their skin? Indeed, those who purchase the £4.79 gel are guaranteed results almost overnight.

    “It worked quite well to start with,” said one customer. “But as I carried on using it, my skin became thin and dehydrated. If I moved my mouth, my whole skin moved, too. My forehead looked like a crinkled up piece of paper it was so cracked.

    “Then, ugly blotches which developed into boils and ulcers started appearing on my face. I was a complete mess.”

    The reason can be found in the list of ingredients on the back of the Maxi White packet; one is called hydroquinone – which is as nasty as it sounds; the biological equivalent, in fact, of paint stripper.

    It not only removes the top layer of skin, which initially results in a “brighter face”, but also the body’s natural defence against infection and the sun, thus increasing the risk of skin cancer.

    If the chemical – which is used in certain industrial processes – enters your bloodstream, it can cause fatal liver and kidney damage. Other side effects include headaches, nausea, convulsions and permanent scarring.

    It is illegal to use hydroquinone in cosmetics.

    This month, a couple who made more than £1 million selling toxic skinlightening creams from two outlets in Peckham, South London, were ordered to pay costs and fines totalling £100,000.

    But a spokeswoman for the Medicines and Healthcare Regulatory Agency (MHRA) admitted: “No sooner do you shut one place down than another springs up.”

    Maxi White, and other banned brands containing harmful steroids, are available under – and over – the counter all across the country. A Mail investigation found them on sale from Brixton to Birmingham (one of the shops featured in our investigation was raided by Trading Standards officers yesterday).

    Behind such names as “Maxi White”, “Sure White”, “Fair & White” and “Skin White” is a multi-million-pound industry – and an untold story of exploitation and racism within the black community itself.

    It’s a taboo subject, but a cruel racial hierarchy still exists in Britain where the lighter-skinned Jamaican, for example, is “superior” to the darker skinned Nigerian; where light brown is preferable to dark brown. Dark skin means failure; light skin is beautiful and equates to success.

    One young woman we spoke to told how she decided to have her skin bleached after being teased and bullied at school (she was called “blackie” by paler-skinned Jamaican girls). There are reports that some parents are even “bleaching” their children

    It is an attitude all too familiar to Sherry Dixon, editor-at-large of Pride, the lifestyle magazine for the British black community, and reinforced by the complaints that flood in from female readers whenever a woman with strong African features – such as dark hair, broad nose, and tightly curled hair – appears on the cover.

    “It’s cultural racism, or shade-ism as I call it,” she says.

    The most photographed – and admired – black women ( Beyonce, Halle Berry, Naomi Campbell, Iman) are all Westernised, of course, whether by their fairer skin or European features.

    The legacy of such stereotyping can be found in any shop or market stall specialising in black hair and skin products; “Black is Beautiful” was the old slogan, but shelves are bulging with creams and lotions promising a “brighter face”.

    Not all are harmful; nevertheless they promote the image – intentionally or otherwise – that blackness is something to be ashamed of, and whiteness revered.

    Southwark Trading Standards officers, who were involved in the Peckham prosecution, have a list of nearly 100 banned cosmetics seized from outlets in the borough over the past few years, including some that contained poisonous mercuric iodide, which can cause organ failure, vomiting and depression.

    The New Nation newspaper has carried out its own investigation into the scandal. Among the shops it found selling dangerous concoctions was Mona Cosmetics in Harlesden, where reporter Lorraine King purchased Maxi White (Strong Formula).

    This week, Miss King went to Brixton for the Mail. There, she was able to buy Mic Medicated Skin Litener Cream (“Maximum Strength”) which is on the trading standards banned list. Like Maxi White, it contains potentially deadly hydroquinone, and was on sale at the Afro Beauty Shop in Electric Avenue for 99p.

    Trading standards officials from Lambeth Council, acting on a tip-off from the Mail, arrived to carry out a search of the premises yesterday.

    Owners Mohammed Latif, 48, and his brother Wasim Hussain, 28, initially denied selling any of the creams.

    Boxes of Mic skin whitener were later confiscated; the brothers were cautioned and could be prosecuted.

    In another part of the country, at Beauty Queen in Soho Road, Handsworth, Birmingham, there are aisles brimming with “exotic” products.

    But when a Mail reporter asked for a “stronger” lightening cream (a universally understood euphemism for illegal bleaching creams) the man behind the counter produced a tube of cream stashed in a fuse box in the corner of the store. It cost £1.99 and was called Movate. One of its active ingredients is the steroid known as clobetasol propionate.

    The compound is not banned in this country but such is its potency that it can only be used as a licensed prescription drug to treat extreme skin conditions. Movate was also sold at nearby MJ News.

    Electric Avenue in Brixton or Rye Lane in Peckham and Soho Road in Handsworth are the last links in a criminal chain which begins thousands of miles away in Africa or the Middle East, where such lightening products are freely available.

    They are either smuggled into Britain in hand luggage or hidden in freight. Two of the biggest ever hauls, worth hundreds of thousands of pounds, were discovered at Gatwick airport in 2005.

    More than 46,000 tubes were found in cargo from Lagos in Nigeria, labelled “body cream”, destined for a warehouse in North London. Shortly afterwards, customs seized thousands of products containing hydroquinone from West Africa, marked “foodstuffs.”

    Some unscrupulous traders travel abroad to obtain the ingredients – including hydroquinone – themselves.

    “They mix these drugs together in a bowl in the back of their shop then sell them in plain jars when customers ask for something “stronger” than the products on display,” says Sara Coakley of the MHRA.

    “We have had reports of parents giving these creams to their children, which is very worrying because children have weaker immune systems and these creams can be fatal.”

    It is almost impossible to believe, given the widespread publicity such products have attracted, that the people who peddle this poisonous rubbish, if not customers themselves, can be unaware of the dangers.

    Trading Standards officials in Southwark have flooded the borough with leaflets highlighting the dangers and the consequences of breaking the law, which can result in a six-month prison sentence.

    The leaflet asks: “Sale of illegal products -IS IT WORTH IT?”

    The answer can be found in a treelined avenue in Sydenham, South-East London, where Yinka and Michael Oluyemi live in an £800,000 six-bedroom mock tudor house with wooden floors and Persian rugs. Yesterday, a BMW and Mercedes were parked on the drive.

    Yinka, 46, and her husband Michael, 49 – who ran Yinka Bodyline and Beauty Express in Peckham – evidently found handsome rewards from the skin-lightening business. This week, however, they were given suspended prison sentences after admitting ten charges of flouting medical and safety rules.

    The Oluyemis are just the latest people to be prosecuted for selling banned cosmetic potions.

    In 2006, another “cosmetics” company, Ace Afro Hair And Beauty, which has a store in Brixton, was fined £50,000, for similar offences. Hassan Akhtar, 49, who drives a Mercedes, runs the business – which has a £ 1million turnover – with his wife Nasira, 46, and their son Mubashir, 25. The family live in a £400,000 house in South-West London.

    “These creams cost peanuts in Africa – a few pence maybe – and then sell for up to £5 here,” says Ray Bouch, senior Trading Standards officer for Lambeth. “The mark-up is huge.”

    How many black women use such creams? It is impossible to say, but clearly many do. “I first started using them because I had spots and I thought they would help,” said Marilyn, a hairdresser in her 20s.

    Her acne did indeed clear up. But Marilyn continued using these dangerous cosmetics for another two years because “people began asking me why I looked so ‘bright and pretty?’

    “I remember using one that burns when you put it on. I would have to sit down and fan myself. Then I watched a programme about skin bleaching in Africa. It was terrible. It showed people with serious skin deformities and tumours. I knew I had to stop. I’d just had a baby and I didn’t want him coming into contact with the chemicals on my face.

    “I have stopped bleaching my skin but there are so many girls I know who are still doing it. In the dance hall scene, if you don’t bleach your skin you’re not cool. I see some girls with brown faces who still have black hands – it’s horrible.

    “But it’s very addictive,” she admits. “I have a relative who bleaches her entire body. She goes down to Brixton market and buys massive tubs. Her whole body is light except for her knuckles, elbows, knees and toes. She looks ridiculous.

    “When I stopped using these creams, my face became dark again. I don’t care because I’m lucky and have not suffered permanent damage.”

    The peer – and indeed cultural – pressure which would persuade someone to apply a cream which contains hydroquinone or powerful steroids is graphically illustrated by the case of Melissa Barnet. Melissa, who is in her late 20s, is the daughter of a Nigerian nurse and businessman from North London. She began using bleaching creams in 2000 after being bullied at school.

    “Throughout my childhood it just wasn’t ‘cool’ to be African or darkskinned, and every day when I walked through the gates of my all-girls secondary school I was reminded of this cruel racial hierarchy,” she says.

    “Being a lighter-skinned Jamaican made you superior to anyone darker or African.

    “There were nights when I would sit in the bath chanting ‘I hate myself’ while frantically scrubbing my skin with soap. Other times I would scribble notes to myself saying dreadful things like: ‘Why are you so ugly?’ or ‘Why do you have to be so black?’

    “Nor did it help that all the best-looking black boys would only date a girl if they were light-skinned, and vice versa. I lost count of the times I heard the attractive Jamaican girls dismiss the idea of going out with a dark-skinned African boy because he was considered beneath them. Statements such as ‘he’s a monkey’, ‘far too black’ and ‘ugly’ were commonplace.”

    Eventually, Melissa experimented with the most potent bleaching soap containing hydroquinone in a bid to make herself more “beautiful”. Her skin became noticeably lighter and for the first time in her life she felt “confident and attractive”.

    It didn’t last long. Within six months, she began to suffer the inevitable side-effects – unsightly dark patches appeared on her face and she realised she had to stop. Fortunately, her skin recovered, though some scars were still visible on her cheeks months later.

    Like Marilyn, the hairdresser who began using skin-lightening creams, Melissa, a former office worker, was lucky. Some of the women who turn up at dermatologist Sujata Jolly’s clinic in Maidenhead are not.

    “One patient was in a very bad way,” she recalls. “Her skin was dark, lumpy and blotchy and had cracked open. The blood vessels had ruptured and you could see blood through the cracks.”

    Could there be a more chilling example of the dangers of products like Maxi White?

    The cultural racism which resulted in that poor woman being treated by Sujata Jolly is reinforced by companies such as Elizabeth Arden on the Indian sub-continent. The face of the firm’s “whitening skincare” range is Catherine Zeta-Jones.

    The creams are harmless but the message, you might agree, is the same. “Women everywhere want radiant, translucent skin.”

    Another advert, by British manufacturing giant Unilever, which markets several whitening products in India, shows a young Indian woman dreaming of being famous, but her skin is too brown.

    One day her sister hands her a tube of Fair And Lovely skin cream. Then the advert flashes forward and she is wearing high heels and her hair is curled. Most important, her complexion has changed dramatically; she is pale and has landed her dream job.

    But dreams don’t always come true – as many black women have discovered after buying a tube of Maxi White on the streets of Harlesden and Handsworth.(dailymail.co.uk)

     
  • dustyswan 8:36 am on May 27, 2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Skin Bleaching Thrives Despite Ugandan Government Ban on Dangerous Cosmetics, , , , , , , , , , ,   

    Skin Bleaching Thrives Despite Ugandan Government Ban on Dangerous Cosmetics 


    Halimah Abdallah Kisule
    by Halima Abdallah Kisule

    • Uganda

    Scores of Ugandans continue to bleach their skin despite a government ban on the sale of several lotions, creams, gels and soaps which are largely used to whiten, even and tone the skin.


    In extreme cases of skin bleaching, the skin can become multi-colored and marred with inflammation or scarring. Photograph courtesy of Halimah Abdallah Kisule.

    Due to ineffective enforcement of the ban, these dangerous cosmetics are easily accessible anywhere in Uganda; whether sold over the counter, along the roadside or by hawkers, vendors move the skin lighteners easily due to high demand. Such is the popularity that skin-whitening products have gained today in Uganda.Medically, skin whitening (or bleaching) products are used for treating pigmentation disorders like freckles, pregnancy marks, blotchy uneven skin tone, patches of brown to gray skin and age spots. Skin pigmentation occurs because the body either produces too much or too little melanin, the pigment responsible for creating the color of our eyes, skin and hair. It also provides crucial protection against the sun’s rays by absorbing ultra-violet light. Doctors say that those with darker skin are less susceptible to sunburn and the overall effects of sun damage.

    According to dermatologists, skin bleaching can be achieved through a combination of treatments that reduce or block some amount of the body’s melanin production. Usually in the form of topical lotions, gels, pills and creams, these products contain melanin-inhibiting ingredients along with sunscreen. These treatments also contain amounts of hydroquinone, or mercury.

    However, other cosmetics companies use natural ingredients to make melanin-inhibiting products. Extracted from plant leaves like the berry family, shrubs and pears, their naturally occurring arbutin leads to bleaching.


    A young woman who has been bleaching, gets her hair plaited – her face and chest are a different color than her arms, hands and legs. Photograph courtesy of Halimah Abdallah Kisule.

    In Uganda, the practice of skin bleaching is common among adults with dark skin, especially women, but men also do it with little regard for the dangers posed to their bodies. Some people even use the products for anal bleaching to reduce naturally darker pigmentation of the genital and perineal area.Consumers of bleaching cosmetics claim that they want to enhance their beauty. One woman who declined to be named, explains, “One has to look good, by having fair, lighter skin.”

    Unfortunately, her skin is now multi-colored from bleaching. She has red skin on her face, yellow on her arms and dark skin on her back. The skin on her knees, toes and finger joints failed to lighten and remain black.
    For this woman, the condition of her skin has only brought her shame; she now tries to cover most parts of her body in an attempt to conceal the damage done by the products she thought would enhance her beauty.

    Those in the medical profession explain that this condition occurs from allergic dermatitis or irritant dermatitis (abnormal, extensive and often local inflammation of the skin), both of which are common among people who have not previously used the bleaching cosmetics.

    “I have cases where people get severe skin burns. It happens when people change to something new which causes allergic dermatitis and irritant dermatitis,” says Dr Misaki Wayengera of Makerere University Medical School.

    He explains that the skin of the people using these bleaching products get inflamed, turns red, enlarges and begins to loose function as the cells fail to produce melanin.

    Wayengera says that bleaching can be achieved medically using low dosage hydroquinone, recommended at 2%. He advises that it should be used only in the areas of the skin that need to be lightened. He also advised consumers to always read the contents of cosmetics because those that bleach cause health problems like skin cancer, leukemia, thyroid disorders and delay or prevent the ability to diagnose leprosy. Mercury is the most toxic of these ingredients and leads to liver problems.

    Though the East African Custom Management Act of 2006 banned the import of all soaps containing mercury, products like Mekako soaps are readily available in the country having been smuggled in before being re-exported to neighboring Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda.


    The young woman’s hands show how the bleaching does not lighten skin evenly. Photograph courtesy of Halimah Abdallah Kisule.

    “They are smuggled in jerricans disguised as water while others come in through ordinary containers but are declared as cosmetics, when [in reality] they are drugs that fall under the NDA mandate,” says Gyavira Musoke, Head of Imports Inspection at Uganda’s National Bureau of Standards (UNBS).UNBS says that Kenya is blaming Uganda for failing to stop the importation of this toxic cosmetic despite the existence of the law. This is just one of the 400 prohibited cosmetic ingredients (that are defined as drugs under the Uganda National Drug Authority (NDA) regulations) that are on the open market. Products containing hydroquinone are still for sale after traders asked the Ministry of Tourism to give them some time to sell off their stock.

    Ready markets for these highly valued cosmetics suggest that smuggling won’t stop any time soon, but demand alone does not explain why one would continue to use these dangerous products.

    “Such a person lacks self-esteem, has low self-efficacy and a perception that she or he looks ugly,” says Mr Robert Wandera, Coordinator of the Psychology Department at Makerere University. “It is common among women who are not educated,” he adds.

    Wandera’s colleague, Mr Calistas, says that it is very dangerous to have low self-esteem because severe cases can lead to suicide.

    He urges, “Do something positive to counter [your low self-esteem]. Take advantage of the good parts of your body or talents.”

    Prolonged use of bleaching cosmetics can indeed be disastrous both psychologically and physically. One lady who I encountered on the street declined to be named nor talk about her skin. Her dry, pale face showed no happiness. She had wrinkles too – not from old age, but from the effects of starting and then stopping the use of these cosmetics. I could easily read the disappointment in her face when I asked her to talk about her skin. Her response is a clear testimony to the negative effects of bleaching cosmetics and hint at the lengths some will go to for beauty. Her unhappiness is the other side of beauty that we rarely see, but one that can easily be avoided.

    About the Author
    Halimah Abdallah Kisule is a journalist in northern Uganda who, for the last seven years, has covered human rights, health, diplomacy, politics and education for numerous news outlets. She holds a diploma in Journalism and Media Studies and will soon receive her BA in Education from Makere University in Kampala.

    Previously she worked for the independent newspapers, The Daily Monitor and The Weekly Observer, covering law and human rights issues, providing both with extensive investigative journalism.

    Halimah endeavors to use her writing skills to bring awareness to the human struggle and find solutions to society’s problems. She is married with two children.(thewip.net)

     
  • dustyswan 7:56 am on May 18, 2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , beauty industries in Taiwan, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , skin damage and skin cancer by skinwhitening, Skin whitening big business in Asia, , , , skin whitening in asia, , skin whitening phenomenon in asia, , , , , , why asian want pale skin   

    Skin whitening big business in Asia 

    inmagine.com

    inmagine.com

    Customers from Mumbai to Beijing say they want lighter skin, but health professionals are concerned.

    Barack Obama’s inauguration as the nation’s first African-American president got a lot in this country thinking and talking about race. Obama’s triumph proved that any child can dream of becoming president, regardless of skin color. We in America may have reaffirmed the notion that the color of a person’s skin shouldn’t matter. But for many people across Asia, the color of skin matters a lot. In recent years, “skin whitening” has become a huge industry in countries like China, Korea, Japan, and India.

    “The World’s” Phillip Martin has been exploring the phenomenon of skin whitening in Asia and has this report.

    Walking beside a rushing stream in Hsingchu, Taiwan, 18-year-old Hilda Chu balances an umbrella in one hand and textbooks in the other. Her skin is ghostly white. Hilda says she carries an umbrella mainly to avoid skin cancer, but also to preserve her light complexion: “I try hard to make my skin white, yes. If my skin is lighter, I think I will be more happier. ”

    Hilda Chu is among a growing number of Asians who are paying lots of money to dermatologists like Dr. Hseih Ya Ju who says bluntly Asians like white skin. Dr. Hsieh works at MacKay Memorial Hospital in Hsingchu, where she sees about 25 patients a day. She says her professional motto is simple: “To make your skin white, make your skin tight, and your skin bright.”

    Dr. Hsieh says her treatments can cost anywhere from $300 to $500 US dollars per session: “Sometimes we suggest patients take some pills – Transamine. Transamine is a kind of pills that will help patient become white.”

    Whitening regimes like transamine are offered in creams, pills, and injections and with laser treatments. But not everyone can afford them — so a growing number of poor Asian women are using illegal products containing toxic chemicals that have left some of them disfigured. Even some government-sanctioned skin whitening products contain high levels of toxic mercury.

    So it’s no surprise that Dr. Ernesto Gonzalez, a senior dermatologist at Boston’s Mass General Hospital, says skin whitening can be dangerous: “The best protection that you have for your skin against sun damage is pigment, melanin. If you lose the pigment of your skin, you suddenly become white. The whiter they become the more chances they will be subjected to skin damage and skin cancer.”

    But this has not stemmed the practice in places like Taiwan, where more than 50 percent of women and a smaller but growing proportion of men pay big money to lighten their beige, tan, and golden complexions. One survey by Synovate found that 4 out of 10 women in Hong Kong, Malaysia, the Philippines and South Korea used a skin-whitening cream. More than 60 global companies are competing for a share of Asia’s estimated $18 billion dollar market.

    Nydia Lin is a senior executive in Taiwan for the Japanese cosmetics giant, Shisedo: “We promote the idea of whitening. Especially in Taiwan, we see many beautiful idols on TV and they are all very focused on their whitening skin. As Chinese say, ‘Whitening is everything. You can just cover all your defective parts if you are white.'”

    You hear variations of that slogan – you can cover up three shortcomings if you are white – all over Asia. But Chao-Yuan Tsen sees whitening as a form of self-hatred and racial inferiority. She’s Secretary General of the Awakening Foundation, a women’s rights organization: “The beauty industries in Taiwan emphasize different skin tones. They say if you can be as white as Japanese and Western women, you can be as beautiful as a cherry blossom. I think this promoting this kind of image that they create doesn’t make women any happier. It actually creates more anxiety.”

    Anxiety that’s deeply ingrained in the fabric of Asian society. Beijing-based author Lijia Zang knows this firsthand, and writes about it in her recent memoir ‘Socialism is Great’: “I have often been called a “peasant girl”. Even my sister sometimes calls me a peasant girl. I don’t think my father liked me very much because I was not a pretty child. I was dark, and I remember he said to me repeatedly that I was not their natural daughter. They picked me up from a coal dump, which was why my skin was so dark.”

    Across much of Asia, long held views about class superiority help explain the appeal of skin whitening. So says Anne Rose Kitagawa, assistant curator of Japanese Art at Harvard’s Sackler Museum. She cites the 11th century Japanese epic “The Tale of Genji” that she says tells the story of a raunchy prince and his descendents: “They had many late night trysts with women who they almost never saw in direct light. And the feminine ideal during the Han period for women of the court was almost unearthly light white skin. Sort of large, moon-like, roundish faces, long, long black hair. And so you can see how a culture that maintained that as an early ideal might continue on with an ideal that light skin equals beauty.”

    That ancient ideal has been reinforced by modern Western culture. And it can be seen in the faces of Western models gazing from the giant billboards along the route of the commuter train that snakes through downtown Tokyo. The billboards also include white-skinned Asians with porcelain colored faces. Across Asia, the pressure to be white is pushed by relentless advertising, from Japan to Korea to India. This ad for skin whitening products features one of India’s biggest movie stars: Shah Rukh Khan – who says that you, too, can be successful in life and love if your skin color is a lighter shade of pale.

    Tarun Khanna of the Harvard Business School and author of the book “Billions of Entrepreneurs” says many Indians believe a fair complexion is the key to finding a successful partner: “In the marriage market, fairness is a big, big deal. You can go to the websites that are marriage brokers and the very fact that most of the matrimonial ads will present people as being fair skinned or not indicate that it is an attribute that the market values.”

    Indeed. Of the more than 200 personal ads I surveyed online, 192 Indian men and women either described themselves as fair skinned or said they were looking for a partner who was. It’s a common desire across Asia. On the streets of Beijing, with translation assistance from a young writer, Mia Lee, a reddish-hued migrant worker from Central China was asked what he thought was the secret to happiness.

    He wants a girlfriend with pale skin.

    Which is why you see advertisements for skin whitening products just about everywhere here. Author Lijia Zang says it’s another sign of China’s emerging middle class and the social pressures faced by women trying to enter the professional work force: “So for some women, even those who don’t think white is particularly beautiful, but in order to go far in a career, in order to attract a good boyfriend, they try to put on whitening cream.”(pri.org)

    PRI’s “The World” is a one-hour, weekday radio news magazine offering a mix of news, features, interviews, and music from around the globe. “The World” is a co-production of the BBC World Service, PRI and WGBH Boston.

     
    • stephaniefrancisco 11:43 am on November 5, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      TRUE! Skin whitening is such a hit here in ASIA especially in the Philippines. almost everyone wants to get lighter skin.. Regardless to whether its a male or a female..

      Hmmm.. no wonder a lot of investors invested their money on bringing in cosmetic products.. you might want to check out my site.. there’s this one product that i am positively sure of its safety and effectivity.. really amazing once you come to think of it..

  • dustyswan 1:57 am on May 16, 2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,   

    How skin lightening takes its toll on your health 

    inmagine.com

    inmagine.com

    EDGAR R. BATTE

    Walking around town will reveal just how low some women think of their natural black skin complexion. They strive to achieve a lighter skin complexion because they think that the lighter their skin complexions are, the better and probably more appealing they will look.

    As such, skin bleaching continues to manifest itself in many black communities where even the supposedly lighter-looking women will go an extra mile to make themselves lighter.

    hth2_2.gif

    Several women in Uganda use soaps and creams containing mercury to obtain a lighter complexion. NET PHOTO

    Skin whitening, as answers.com offers, is a term covering a variety of cosmetic methods used to whiten the skin, in parts of East Asia, the Americas, the Middle East and Africa.

    The site adds that skin lightening or whitening is a controversial topic as it is closely intertwined with the detrimental effects on health, identity, self image and racial supremacy.

    According to Dr Pius Okong, a health consultant with St Francis Hospital Nsambya, this remains a big problem he attributes to inferiority complex where women are not satisfied with the colour of their skins and therefore go out to try and achieve a light complexion which comes with a price to pay. In most cases, the products have found their way to shops unchecked yet the effects of the chemicals used in making (such) products like soaps and creams, as Dr. Vincent Karuhanga explains, have been found to have adverse effects on unborn children, women and men.

    “Many of these bleaching agents contain steroids, hydroquinone and mercury which can affect the body as drugs do, given the fact that they interfere with the production of melanin- group of naturally occurring dark pigments, especially the pigment found in skin,” Dr Karuhanga elaborates.

    In communities, the problem has not gone unattended to and last year, The International Anti-Corruption Theatre Movement (IATM), a pressure group against bleaching, indicated that thousands of women in Uganda use soaps containing mercury to obtain a lighter complexion without knowing the health hazards of using such soaps.

    Mercury according to findings through Nordic Chemicals Group, the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland and Ms Uganda, causes a number of health problems such as skin cancer and nervous disorder.

    Steroids, on the other hand, could cause diabetes given that they increase the amount of sugar metabolism in the body thus worsening the infection, Dr Karuhanga adds. He points out creams like Pimplex usually used to treat pimples, contain mercury which is reportedly poisonous.

    According to mercuryexposure.org, mercury-based bleaching creams contain ammoniated mercury or mercrous chloride as a bleaching agent. Some of these creams may contain up to more than 2-5 per cent mercury that will be harmful to health, therefore resulting in mercury poisoning, especially chronic mercury poisoning.

    “In the Minimata epidemic in Japan, there were 42 brain-damaged children in 400 live births. Only one of the mothers had no sign of having mercury poisoning.

    Majority of the mothers had used mercury-based bleaching creams during their childbearing years,” mercuryexposure.org explains.

    “The biggest problem is that by the time someone realises signs of the effects, the damage is already done.

    The inferiority complex has also caught up with men and they have started bleaching their skins too,” Dr Karuhanga further explains, adding that the worst side effect victims could suffer would be worsened infections.

    Mercury, he adds, can affect the kidney and nervous system while hydroquinone can damage the body nerves as well as the blood cells. Steroids have a pushing syndrome and can thus precipitate high blood pressure, diabetes and could cause acne.

    However, that is not to say all bleaching agents have bad side effects. And as Dr Karuhanga and David Ssali, a dermatologist at Dama Medical Clinic agree, some herbal creams and soaps have been found to be good, given the fact that most are natural.

    According to Ssali, for most people, the intention is not to bleach. They are looking for a good skin but with the continuous trials with different products, end up bleaching their skins unknowingly.

    “People should be made aware of alternatives to achieving this (good skin). They could eat fruits like carrots, simsim and a variety of coloured fruits and vegetables,” Ssali who did not rule out skin cancer for continued use of skin products, adds.

    “By using some of these products, you remove the natural pigment which makes the skin vulnerable to ultraviolet rays, opening the skin pores further which puts you at many health risks,” he warns.

    According to the AAR Health services Kenya website, dermatologists caution that the treatment of skin conditions must be done strictly with the advice of the gynaecologists or dermatologists. In pregnant women, the unborn child is susceptible to medications, even those applied to the skin and great care must be taken.

    In neighbouring Kenya, there has been a ban on bleaching creams with stringent laws and public campaigns have been launched to address the harmful effects of these products on the skin.

    Much as effort has been taken to ban the importation of skin lightening creams, they are still in plenty and sold across the counter in most shops and on the roadside in Uganda.

    Ideally, skin whitening could be advised to treat pigmentation (coloration of tissues by pigment) disorders like spotted skin tone, age spots, freckles- small, usually yellow or brown spots on the skin, often seen on the face and pregnancy marks.

    AAR Health Services adds that an example of a circumstance under which a dermatologist could prescribe skin lighteners would be a situation when he detects altered skin colouring (pigmentation). A skin lightener may be prescribed for medical reasons.

     
    • set and forget clock 5:02 am on October 1, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      This is my second visit to this blog. We are starting a new initiative in the same category as this blog. Your blog provided us with valuable information to work on. You have done a admirable job….

      set and forget clock

    • beautyonwatch 8:29 am on November 1, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      aku belum pernah coba kesana, kalau gak salah pernah masuk tivi. coba cari majalah Surgery, disana ada ulasan tentang dokter2 kecantikan.

    • jonny 7:52 am on November 1, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      halo beauty on watch.. ngmg2 kok page yg ngebahas ttg wii navores ga bs di pakai lg ya??

      btw mo nanya ni aibee hospital bgs ga?? yg di bogor itu..

      thx anyway.. plis reply me

  • dustyswan 3:41 am on May 15, 2009 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: anti obat putih, anti pemutih, anti pemutih kulit, Anti Skin Bleaching Movement, anti skin whitening, Anti Skin-Whitening Movement, destroy skin whitening, Gerakan Anti Iklan Pemutih, Gerakan Anti Pemutih Kulit, gerakan membuang produk pemutih kulit, Hentikan Kekerasan Pemutih Kulit pada Perempuan, jangan pakai pemutih lagi, racialism in skin whitening advertising, rasialisme pada iklan pemutih kulit, refuse skin whitening, Stop Iklan Pemutih Kulit, Stop Injeksi Pemutih, Stop Suntik Putih, Stop Whitening Injection!, throw your skin whitening away, tolak pemutih kulit   

    Anti Skin Whitening Movement ! 

    inmagine.com

    inmagine.com

    Cosmetic companies advertise skin-lighteners on television and billboards. But some of these products are not only expensive – they are also dangerous. They attack the skin to make it lighter. Seeking a share of the market are not only major companies, but also countless generic producers who mix any kind of ingredients together and then sell them cheap. But thrift can turn out to be very short-sighted for the clients, who are often left with scathed faces and ruined lives as a result.

    Whiter skin is being aggressively marketed across Asia, with vast selections of skin-whitening creams on supermarket and pharmacy shelves testament to an industry that has flourished over the past decade. In Hong Kong, Malaysia, the Philippines, South Korea and Taiwan, 4 of every 10 women use a whitening cream, a survey by Synovate, a market research company, found.

    The skin-whitening craze is not just for the face. It includes creams that whiten darker patches of skin in armpits and “pink nipple” lotions that bleach away brown pigment.

    The site adds that skin lightening or whitening is a controversial topic as it is closely intertwined with the detrimental effects on health, identity, self image and racial supremacy.

    According to Dr Pius Okong, a health consultant with St Francis Hospital Nsambya, this remains a big problem he attributes to inferiority complex where women are not satisfied with the colour of their skins and therefore go out to try and achieve a light complexion which comes with a price to pay. In most cases, the products have found their way to shops unchecked yet the effects of the chemicals used in making (such) products like soaps and creams, as Dr. Vincent Karuhanga explains, have been found to have adverse effects on unborn children, women and men.

    With these deadly and dangerous side effects, take important step for your life right now :

    1. Stop Using Skin Whitening Products !

    2. Stop Producing and Advertising Skin Whitening Products !

    3. Stop Dreaming for Whiter Skin !

    Just Love yourself and refuse beauty industry objectification of women  🙂

    (Data source :International Herald Tribune, dw-world.de,monitor.co.ug)

     
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